Usage Service Usage

Basic Usage

This section explains the basic usage of the K2HR3 system.

The sections after here explains how to define and set the contents of data in order of RESOURCE, POLICY-RULE and ROLE.
Please refer to these procedures and use the K2HR3 system.

(1) RESOURCE Usage

The primary purpose of USER using K2HR3 system is to control access to RESOURCE.
In other words, when you start using the K2HR3 system, you first need to start with defining and registering RESOURCE to be controlled as RBAC.

RESOURCE Definition and Design

At first you need to find out data(or information) in your system, that data should be controlled as RBAC provided by K2HR3 system.
You aggregate, divide, and synthesize this data(or information) and create definitions and units for the RESOURCE.
To extract and define the RESOURCE, you can use indexes such as a set accessing data, a unit/range to be accessed, etc.

For example, the following data unit could be used as indexes for RESOURCE definition.

Next, consider the unit of RESOURCE data with reference to the following.

Please refer to the above and decide data to be registered in RESOURCE as shown in the next section.

RESOURCE Contents

You can set any of the following, or a combination of them for RESOURCE.

Static string or Object(JSON string)

RESOURCE can be either a static string or JavaScript Object.
When registering a JavaScript Object, specify it as a character string formatted by JSON.
For a static string, you can set an arbitrary character string.
To set dynamic RESOURCE using TEMPLATE, select static text and register strings written by TEMPLATE.
For the TEMPLATE, please see K2HR3 Template Engine.

KEYS

For RESOURCE KEYS, you can set arbitrary key names and values as key-value as a set. You can set multiple sets of this key and value in one RESOURCE.

ALIAS

RESOURCE can include other RESOURCE set as ALIAS.
RESOURCE can synthesize all the contents of other RESOURCE specified by ALIAS into its own data.
That means you can read this synthesized data when you read RESOURCE.
USER and the system access RESOURCE through the REST API.
The REST API can detect ALIAS and return RESOURCE as a result of combining.
With ALIAS, you can split the RESOURCE into small units and manage them.
In other words, you can use ALIAS to subdivide and group RESOURCE and ALIAS makes it easy to manage RESOURCE.

Unit of RESOURCE

It is recommended to register RESOURCE in minimum units.
The RESOURCE data can be defined using the ALIAS described above or the hierarchy described below and can include other RESOURCEs.
Therefore, by registering USER as a minimum unit, you can easily manage RESOURCEs. Because RESOURCE can be aggregated, it is recommended to divide RESOURCE by data type and group being updated at the same time.

Consolidating and managing RESOURCE makes it easy to create aggregate patterns and define flexible RESOURCE.

Hierarchize RESOURCE

The name of RESOURCE is a character string, it becomes part of YRN full path.
String of RESOURCE name can be expressed in PATH format(concatenated with ”/” character), and hierarchical parent-child relationship like directory can be created.

Inheritance of RESOURCE

In the hierarchical RESOURCE, the RESOURCE data of the parent PATH is imported into the RESOURCE of the child PATH, and its RESOURCE data can be inherited.
In other words, when you access RESOURCE, you can get RESOURCE data that contains RESOURCE data set in the upper layer PATH of that RESOURCE.

By using inheritance by this hierarchy, you can register common data in RESOURCE of the upper hierarchy and share the data.
And you can create several different RESOURCEs, including common RESOURCE.

K2HR3 Usage - Resource hierarchy

How to set the RESOURCE

Once you have defined the definition and unit of RESOURCE, you consider the hierarchy of that RESOURCE and register.

(1-1) Select TENANT

(1-2) Register RESOURCE in TENANT (note the RESOURCE PATH hierarchy)

(1-3) Set contents of RESOURCE

(2) POLICY-RULE Usage

After registering RESOURCE, define how to access the RESOURCE as POLICY-RULE and register it.
POLICY-RULE is registered in units of RESOURCE to be accessed.
You do not need to set POLICY-RULE for RESOURCE not directly accessed(ex. common RESOURCE).

POLICY-RULE Contents

The items to be set for POLICY-RULE are shown below.

EFFECT

Select EFFECT type for the ACTION element set to POLICY-RULE.

ACTION

Select the access method(ACTION) for RESOURCE from the following values and define them in combination.

RESOURCES

Specify one or more RESOURCE controlled by this POLICY-RULE.
RESOURCE is specified with YRN full path.
YRN full path is a unique PATH indicating RESOURCE.
For explanation of this PATH, please see YRN full path.
USER can use the K2HR3 Web Application, select RESOURCE, display the Selected Path Information dialog, and know the PATH.

If this POLICY-RULE is applied to access the registered RESOURCE, ACTION and EFFECT are confirmed by the K2HR3 system, and access authorization judgment is done.

ALIAS

POLICY-RULE can include other POLICY-RULE set as ALIAS.
POLICY-RULE can synthesize all the contents of other POLICY-RULE specified by ALIAS into its own data.
That means K2HR3 system uses this synthesized data for checking authorization at accessing RESOURCE. With ALIAS, you can split the POLICY-RULE into small units and manage them.
In other words, you can use ALIAS to subdivide and group POLICY-RULE and ALIAS makes it easy to manage POLICY-RULE.

How to set POLICY-RULE

Once you have defined the definition and unit of POLICY-RULE, you register that POLICY-RULE.

(2-1) Select TENANT

(2-2) Register POLICY-RULE in TENANT

(2-3) Set contents of POLICY-RULE

(3) ROLE Usage

Finally, we define ROLE in units accessing RESOURCE.
ROLE is registered in units of one or more units of POLICY-RULE which sets resources to be accessed.

ROLE Contents

The items to be set for ROLE are shown below.

HOST NAME

To distinguish HOST registered in ROLE by hostname, you can register it manually.
Register the hostname(FQDN) and the Auxiliary Information(AUX) of the HOST together.
Please refer to Auxiliary Information(AUX) for AUX.

IP ADDRESSES

To distinguish HOST registered in ROLE by IP address, you can register it manually.
Register the IP address and the Auxiliary Information(AUX) of the HOST together.
Please refer to Auxiliary Information(AUX) for AUX.

Automatic registration

When cooperating with IaaS(OpenStack) and automatically registering/deleting ROLE member HOST, manually registering HOST with IP address is unnecessary.
This is because IP addresses are automatically registered/deleted when they are worked with IaaS(OpenStack).
If you do not work with IaaS(OpenStack) or do not use it, please use manual registration of IP address.

POLICIES

Please list POLICY-RULE which defines access method to RESOURCE accessed by ROLE member’s HOST.
You can register more than one POLICY-RULE.

ALIAS

ROLE can include other ROLE set as ALIAS.
ROLE can synthesize all the contents of other ROLE specified by ALIAS into its own data.
That means you can read this synthesized data when you read ROLE.
USER and the system access ROLE through the REST API.
The REST API and K2HR3 system can detect ALIAS and return ROLE as a result of combining.
With ALIAS, you can split the ROLE into small units and manage them.
In other words, you can use ALIAS to subdivide and group ROLE and ALIAS makes it easy to manage ROLE.

Unit of ROLE

It is recommended to register ROLE in minimum unit.
The ROLE data can be defined using the above ALIAS or the following hierarchy and can include other ROLEs.
Therefore, you can easily manage ROLE by registering it as the smallest unit.
Since ROLE can be aggregated, it is recommended to divide ROLE according to the role.
By aggregating and managing ROLE, you can easily create and define flexible patterns.

Hierarchize ROLE

The name of ROLE is a character string, it becomes part of YRN full path.
String of ROLE name can be expressed in PATH format(concatenated with ”/” character), and hierarchical parent-child relationship like directory can be created.

Collection of ROLE

Hierarchical ROLE can be HOST of ROLE member of child PATH belong to ROLE member of parent PATH.
In other words, the ROLE member HOST of the lower hierarchy has a role as a ROLE member of the upper hierarchy.
By doing this, you register HOST in only one ROLE, but you can make that HOST belong to more than one ROLE.
This makes it easy to manage HOST.

Although it is possible to register one HOST in multiple ROLEs, management becomes cumbersome. Also, when registering HOST automatically, only one ROLE can be used.
Note that hierarchy of RESOURCE is inherited, but ROLE is considered as a set.

K2HR3 Usage - Role hierarchy

Examples

Suppose that there is a group(A) to be read-only, and a group(B) to only read and write for a certain RESOURCE.
Consider the case where there is a common HOST in groups (A) and (B).
In this case, create and register ROLE with POLICY-RULE that is common to both sides and ROLE for non-common POLICY-RULE.

An example is shown below.

In this case, create two ROLEs as follows.

Then, register ROLE(R-X) as the upper layer and ROLE(R-Y) in the lower level.
With this registration, HOST will be registered in only one ROLE without duplication.
And you can master duplicate POLICY-RULE.

Manual HOST registration to ROLE

After determining the unit/definition of ROLE, register ROLE according to the unit/definition and manually register member HOST.
Skip this item only if HOST is automatically registered.

(3-1) Select TENANT

(3-2) Register ROLE in TENANT

(3-3) Register HOST in ROLE

You can register HOST in any of the following.

Please refer to Auxiliary Information(AUX) for AUX. Please leave it empty here.

Automatic host registration to ROLE

After determining the unit/definition of ROLE, create a ROLE like a manual.
We do not register HOST of members in ROLE.
It starts Virtual Machine with IaaS(OpenStack) and it is registered automatically.

(3’-1) Select TENANT

(3’-2) Register ROLE in TENANT

(3’-3) Get USER DATA SCRIPT of ROLE

When using the K2HR3 Web Application, select ROLE and display the Selected Path Information dialog.
Copy (click the button) USER DATA SCRIPT in this dialog.

(3’-4) Create Virtual Machine with OpenStack

Start up the instance(Virtual Machine) with OpenStack.
To start an instance from OpenStack’s Dashboard(horizon), specify USER DATA SCRIPT in after creating in the instance setting dialog.
The USER DATA SCRIPT can be obtained from Selected Path Information dialog of ROLE.
When using the openstack command(CLI), specify the user data script with the -user-data option.
Depending on the version of OpenStack, screens, wordings, etc. may differ.

(3’-5) Automatically registered after Virtual Machine is started

When the instance(Virtual Machine) starts up, the instance is automatically registered to the member of ROLE.

Manual HOST deleted from ROLE

You can manually delete HOST from ROLE members.
When using the K2HR3 Web Application, you can delete it manually by specifying the HOST registered in the ROLE member.
Please manually register in order to re-register the same HOST after deleting auto registered HOST.

Automatic deletion by K2HR3 OpenStack Notification Listener

HOST registered automatically for ROLE members can be automatically deleted.
K2HR3 OpenStack Notification Listener is running, it is automatically deleted in cooperation with IaaS(OpenStack).

(4-1) Delete Instance(Virtual Machine) with OpenStack

(4-2) K2HR3 OpenStack Notification Listener detects deletion

K2HR3 OpenStack Notification Listener receives notification via OpenStack’s RabbitMQ and checks whether the deleted instance is registered in K2HR3.
If it is a registered HOST, it will be deleted automatically from members of ROLE that registered this HOST.

Automatic detection by Watcher

HOST registered automatically for ROLE members can be automatically deleted.
Even if K2HR3 OpenStack Notification Listener can not be started, instead of starting K2HR3 Watcher, you can automatically delete HOST.
This Watcher periodically queries IaaS(OpenStack) for the presence of automatically registered HOST, detects that it has been deleted, and automatically deletes it from the ROLE member.

(4’-1) Delete Instance(Virtual Machine) with OpenStack

(4’-2) Watcher detects deletion

Watcher’s regular OpenStack inquiry will detect deletion of target HOST.
It automatically deletes the detected HOST from the registered ROLE member.

Usage Service Usage